Barack Obama Birth Certificate Issue

If an argument can be made against Obama not being a citizen then an equal argument can be made against McCain since he was born outside the US and not on what is considered a US territory! The info and links below may shed some light on this issue! Barbara

Barack Obama’s Official Birth Certificate

Barack Obama's Birth Certificate

Click here for both Hawaii newspaper postings of Barack Obama's BIRTH in Hawaii  - USA

Barack Obama Certificate of Birth (long form)

From Wikipedia: Barack Obama;



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2. IN THE BEGINNING: The authors of the Constitution of the United States declared that in creating this new form of government their purpose was to "ensure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity". On behalf of "we the people of the United States", they then "ordained and

established" this document. Obviously this was not seen as just an ordinary legislative act. By this extraordinary ordination they believed that this document should and would be and remain a sacred covenant extending forward into future generations. Do we have any inklings that they were already thinking about how these mutual pledges might extend to citizens living abroad?

3. WHO WAS A CITIZEN?: In 1789, while the Constitution itself was silent on the definition of who was to be considered a citizen of the United States, it did empower the Congress in Article I, Section 8, to "establish a uniform Rule of Naturalization". In Article II, it was stated that "No person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States at the time of the Adoption of this

Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any person be eligible to that Office who shall not have Attained to the age of thirty-five Years, and been resident fourteen Years within the United States". This language is intriguing because it implies that Americans could well be living overseas.


ABROAD: When the first citizenship law was enacted by the First Congress in 1790, the definition of citizenship embraced the status of children born abroad to a U.S. citizen parent. This is what was said:

"And the children of citizens of the United States that may be born beyond the sea, or out of the limits of the United States, shall be considered as natural born citizens: Provided, That the right of citizenship shall not descend to persons whose fathers have never been resident in the United

States". (Act of March 26th, 1790, 1 Stat. 103).

Citizenship would be transmitted at birth to a child born abroad to a U.S. citizen father provided only that the father had ever previously “been resident” in the United States. Even more noteworthy is that all such children were to be considered "natural born" citizens at birth abroad.

Thus, while the Constitution itself was mute on the intent of the country's founders in terms of who was to be defined as a citizen at birth, a majority of the Members of the First Congress made it clear that such citizenship could be acquired both at home and abroad. Given that many of the Members of this First Congress had been active participants in the drafting and adoption of the Constitution, there can be little doubt that what they were doing was fully congruent with the implications of the Constitution too.

5. THE FIRST DEFINITION OF CITIZENSHIP IN THE CONSTITUTION: Citizenship was defined for the first time in the Constitution following the Civil War when the Fourteenth Amendment was ratified in 1868. The opening lines of this amendment state:

"All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall

any State deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." (14th Amendment, Section 1, ratified July 9, 1868).

Congress subsequently continued to define the citizenship of children born abroad in a manner similar to that adopted by the First Congress until eventually, in 1934, U.S. citizen mothers also achieved parity with U.S. citizen fathers.


The Congress then carried out a major overhaul of U.S. citizenship laws in 1940 and for the first time took away from overseas Americans many of the human rights guarantees that they had enjoyed up until then. The law became much more complicated, much less uniform, and various new forms of overt discrimination were introduced, many of which linger on until today. It is the legacy of this major change in a negative direction that is still causes considerable problems for the several million U.S. citizens living and working abroad at the present time.


Submitted by Barbara Williams

More info on this subject

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